CD27 Outline                                                                         Course Structure Index

To provide students with a critical appreciation of the various claims to special status for developing countries - historical, political, and intellectual - that have emerged over the years have influenced the application of international trade rules to developing countries and the emergence of special institutional mechanisms. As a result students should be well placed to analyze how best to pursue trade and investment opportunities in developing countries, how to negotiate with these countries and resolve problems with them.

Topics Covered
The course will cover the special economic, political and institutional problems faced by developing countries, including problems of governance, poverty, lack of resources and infrastructure, dependence on a narrow range of traceable commodities, and consider how these problems have influenced the development of both a mindset and a set of special rules providing them with "special and differential treatment," the impact of these rules, and the gradual impact of changes in both attitudes and the rules over the last decade. Specific topics that will be covered include the role of developing countries in the negotiation of the GATT, the application of GATT article XVIII and the development of GATT's part IV, the rise and decline of UNCTAD, the use and abuse of commodity agreements, the special problems of trade in textiles and clothing and trade in agriculture, the development of the Generalized System of Preferences, the issue of "graduation," and the role of the developing countries in the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations.

 Key Books and Articles

 Harrision, Lawrence E., Underdevelopment is a State of Mind: The Latin American Case (Lanharn, Md: Harvard Center for International Affairs, 1985).

 Hudec, Robert E., Developing Countries in the GATT Legal System (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf for the Trade Policy Research Centre, 1988).

 Krueger, Anne O., Economic Policies at Cross Purposes: The United States and Developing Countries (Washington: The Brookings Institution, 1993).

 Lal, Deepak, The Poverty of ‘Development Economics' (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1985).

 Trebilcock, Michael J. and Robert Howse, The Regulation of International Trade (New York: Routledge, 1995).

Case Material
The course will use material excerpted from the GATT Trade Polity Reviews of selected developing countries, the MFA and bilateral textile agreements, as well as UNCTAD documents to illustrate how developing countries have used the concept of special and differential treatment both to their advantage and detriment.

 Criteria for Evaluating Teaching and Student Performance
Throughout the course, students will work as teams and develop written analyses of various specific problems in the trade of developing countries and determine how a specific developing country for which that group is responsible could have applied the various available remedies or measures to solve the problem.


Course Structure Index