POLICY AND POLITICS
the Private Sector and the Public Interest
goal of this module is to train students to effectively manage the
interaction between government and the private sector, from either
perspective. The module seeks to teach students the differences in the
goals and responsibilities of the public and private sectors, and how an
understanding of these differences can help improve the effectiveness of
communications and cooperation between these sectors. Students will be
trained to utilize and apply fundamental concepts underlying government/
business/society relationships in the creation and implementation of
public policies in trade, investment, and technology
topics covered in this module, in general order of discussion, will
include but not be limited to the following: the political, legal,
economic, social, and technological forces that generate new policy
issues; how these new issues, especially in the area of trade, investment,
and technology, affect the private and public sectors; how the public
sector reacts through the institutions; how the private sector—business,
households, individuals—react; the response of the private sector
through individuals, corporations, business groups, and public interest
groups; how interest groups are formed, organized, and managed to
establish favorable public policies; management of issues through interaction
with government institutions, other interest groups, and the media; the
administration and enforcement of the developed policies; the global
impact of the entire process as each topic is brought forward; and
finally, how the student can integrate the entire body of knowledge
above topics may also be described in a conceptual sense as: macro-forces;
values, ideologies, the national and public interests; elitism, pluralism,
and the electorate; the public policy process; the creation of collective
groups at all levels of the public and private sectors; and finally,
issues management. These
topics will be developed with a framework that will be used to tie
together concepts, applications, and the potential for changes over time.
the progress of the module case materials; discussion and debate on
current events; and critiques of actions taken by government, business,
and public interest groups in timely issues, will be utilized as teaching
reading assignments are given within the module class schedule.
These will be available “on reserve” at the library.
In addition, copies of these readings may be made available for
members are expected to read daily or weekly publications such as the N.Y.
Times, Washington Post, Financial Times (London), Wall Street Journal,
Time, Newsweek, etc. Discussion
in class may center on accounts of current public policy issues reported
in these journals.
are three requirements for the successful completion of this module.
These requirements are designed to fit within the four weeks (8
classes) duration and must be completed by the last class day at the
first requirement is class participation.
Excessive absenteeism may result in a failing grade.
There is no need however to inform the instructor of any absences.
(30% of grade)
second requirement is the submission of a paper describing the
relationship of the course concepts to an actual trade, foreign
investment, or other approved public policy issue. (40% of grade)
submission of a written case study. (30% of grade)
of Classes /Topics
of the macro-environmental forces affecting government, the public and
of the public interest and its various aspects.
Buchholz, R., Business Environment
and Public Policy, (Prentice-Hall, 1995).
Chap. 3: The
Nature of Public Policy, pp. 45-68.
Chap. 5: The
Social Context of Public Policy, pp. 100-126.
of government responsibility, roles, institutions.
of political leadership. Public
interest influence on government through public interest groups.
The formation of interest groups.
Bonser, C., McGregor, Ed, et al, Policy
Choices and Public Action, (Prentice-Hall, 1996).
Chap. 1: What
Does Government Do?, pp. 1-34.
of the private sector, essentially businesses, corporations, and their
associated special interest groups. Lobbying, PAC’s, and other business
sector activities influencing government and the public.
Goldsmith, A., Business, Government
and Society, (Chicago: Irwin Publishers, 1996).
Business, Interest Groups, and Political Influence, pp. 149-177.
Baron, D., Business and Its Environment, (Prentice-Hall, 1995).
Implementing Political Strategies, pp. 199-217.
interaction of the business, government and the public.
The comparative roles and responsibilities of each.
The role of intermediate groups.
Distributive politics. Institutional
organizations and their place in the framework, e.g., universities, health
of policy, laws, regulations. Specific
regulations - anti-trust, health, ecology, equal opportunity. Special
emphasis on instruments of trade and investment,and technology policy.
Public Policy, Innovation and Technology, pp. 363-384.
Chap. 17: US
Trade Policy, Politics and Negotiations, pp. 481-496.
Comparisons of U.S., Japan, Germany, European Union with regard to the
business, government, society relationships and their public policies,
especially with regard to trade, investment, technology.
U.S. General Accounting Office, Competitiveness
Issues: The Business Environment in the U.S., Japan, and Germany,
Chap. 13: The
Political Economy of Japan, pp. 375-397.
· Chap. 14: Non-Market Strategy in the Political Economy of Japan, pp. 399-417.
Chap. 15: The
European Union, pp. 419-455.
and management of issues - domestic and international.
The issue life cycle and various actors / actions relating strategy
and tactics. The 4 I’s
paradigm - issues, interests, institutions and information.
Carroll, A.B., Business and Society, (South Western Publishing Co., Cincinnati:
Issues Management and Crisis Management, pp. 574-599.
and discussion of cases and their relationship to the overall course of
In all public policy processes, a number of influences are being exerted
by various persons, groups, agencies, institutions, etc.
They may be in favor or opposed to the enactment of a regulation,
law, treaty, approach, ordinance, etc. as a resolution of the public
policy issue. You are to
select a contemporary issue that involves the public policy process with
respect to trade and investment, or an appropriate related topic.
You must clearly and succinctly state the issue in your opening
You are to describe the various media through which you have been
following this issue. The
media may include personal interviews, newspapers, the Internet,
You must describe the various aspects of the issue that are in contention,
i.e., the various sides to the issue.
You must identify the major influences, i.e., interest groups, such as
trade associations, various professional groups, etc.; elites, such as
celebrities, politicians, prominent citizens, etc.; and the electorate
through straw vote, polls, electoral votes, etc.
You must identify the agencies of the U.S. government and their roles as
related to the key issues. You
must also identify any other institution that may play a role.
You must also identify the major influences and their positions on the
You must identify the tactics that each influence appears to be using to
achieve their goal of support or opposition.
You must describe the final outcome of the issue if it has been reached.
If it has not, describe where the issue stands at the time, and
give your opinion as to the most likely outcome.
addition, to these minimal requirements, you will be graded on your
ability to integrate the concepts you have learned during this course into
the paper. Therefore your
attendance in class, and your attention to the required readings will be
important in writing a satisfactory paper.
cases will be assigned to the class no later than the second class
meeting, for class discussion at the last class meeting.
One of these, of your selection, will be a required written case
study paper. Your case study
must answer the following questions as a minimum:
What are the
facts? What is the situation
exist and why?
information do I need to analyze this case adequately?
What are some
What are the
consequences of each?
should be made, and why?
ideas can be drawn from this case that have application elsewhere?
What actually happened?
addition to the above questions, you should write your case study from
those additional requirements that you deem essential to provide a
comprehensive case study paper.
case study may be of any word length you feel is appropriate.
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